Shree Felts
Shree Felts

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Felt Production Process

Wool felt construction

Felt is made by a process called wet felting, where the natural wool fiber is stimulated by friction and lubricated by moisture (usually soapy water), and the fibers move at a 90 degree angle towards the friction source and then away again, in effect making little "tacking" stitches. Only 5% of the fibers are active at any one moment, but the process is continual, and so different 'sets' of fibers become activated and then deactivated in the continual process.

This "wet" process uses the inherent nature of wool and other animal hairs, because the hairs have scales on them which are directional. The hairs also have kinks in them, and this combination of scales is what reacts to the stimulation of friction and causes the phenomenon of felting. It tends to work well with woolen fibers, as their scales, when aggravated, bond together to form a cloth.

Knitted woolen garments which shrink in a hot machine wash can be said to have felted but, more accurately, they have been "fuelled". Felting differs from fulling in the sense that fulling is done to fabric whereas felting is done to fibers that are not in fabric form. Modern fulling is an example of how the fibers bond together when combined with the movement of the washing machine, the heat of the water, and the addition of soap.

Needle felts construction

Needle felting is a popular fiber arts craft conducted without the use of water. Special barbed felting needles that are used in industrial felting machines are used by the artist as a sculpting tool. Using a single needle or a small group of needles (2-5) in a hand-held tool, these needles are used to sculpt the wool fiber. The barbs catch the scales on the fiber and push them through the layers of wool, tangling them and binding them together, much like the wet felting process. Fine details can be achieved using this technique, and it is popular for 2D and 3D felted work.

Felt production machinery

1) Latest Pilgrim Step Roller Fulling Machine
2) Fulling Machines
3) Refulling Machines - for high compactness & felt Plate manufacturing
4) Hardening Machines
5) Befama Carding Machines
6) Truetzschler Blow Room
7) Precision Shearing & Cropping Machines from Vollenveider
8) Precision Slitting Machines
9) Shrink Packaging Machines
10) High Compacting Hammers Mills
11) Slitters
12) Cutting Machines
13 Hydro Pneumatic Presses
14) Hand Presses
15) Hydraulic Press
16) Profile Cutters
17) Splitting Station
18) Coating & Lamination Station
19) Precision Lathes
20) Complete Tool Room for Die Making
21) Felt Packing Machines